What is COVID-19?
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan, China.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Symptoms can appear anywhere from two to 14 days after exposure to the virus.
- Fever (at least 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.7 degrees Celsius) for children and adults): One of the most common presentations of fever is that your temperature goes up in the late afternoon and early evening — it’s a common way that viruses produce fever
- Cough (Dry cough)
- Difficulty breathing: Shortness of breath
The best way to confirm if you have the virus producing COVID-19 disease is with a laboratory test.
What are the signs of COVID-19*?
- Difficulty in breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- Bluish lips or face which indicates a lack of oxygen
- Any sudden mental confusion or lethargy and inability to rouse.
*Get medical attention immediately
How does COVID-19 spread?
Person to Person spread
- Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
- Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
Who is most at risk?
Covid-19 infections are riskier if you have underlying health conditions such as:
- Chronic lung disease or asthma
- Heart failure or heart disease
- Sickle cell anemia
- Cancer (or are undergoing chemotherapy)
- Kidney disease with dialysis
- Body mass index over 40 (extremely obese)
- An autoimmune disorder
Older patients and individuals who have underlying medical conditions or are immuno compromised should contact their physician early in the course of even mild illness
A history of travel to an area where the novel coronavirus is widespread
What is the treatment for COVID-19?
To date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). There is currently no vaccine to protect against COVID-19.
What are basic protective measures for everyone?
- Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
- Cover your cough with the bend of your elbow or tissue
- Avoid crowded places
- Stay at home if you feel unwell – even with a slight fever and cough
Global Trends of COVID-19 Spread by Months